Writing for the IELTS – Barron’s The leader in test preparation
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WHAT IS IELTS?
IELTS, the International English Language Testing System, is an English language proficiency
exam that tests listening, reading, writing, and speaking skills. There are over 1,000 test cen-
ters in more than 140 countries around the world. Over 9,000 organizations, including univer-
sities, government agencies, and private companies, accept IELTS test scores.
There are two versions of the test-Academic and General Training. The Academic version
is for students who want to pursue a university education in an English-speaking country. The
General Training test is for people who need to demonstrate English language proficiency for
work, training programs, secondary education, or immigration to certain countries.
HOW TO USE THIS BOOK
This book will help you prepare for the writing section of the IELTS test whether you are plan-
ning to take the Academic or the General Training version. Both versions of the test include a
writing section with two tasks.
The organization of this book follows the criteria IELTS examiners use to score your writ-
ing. If you study everything in this book, you will score well.
• Task Achievement/Task Response
• Coherence and Cohesion
• Lexical Resource
• Grammatical Range and Accuracy
In the Task Achievement/Task Response chapter, you will learn to follow a three-step
model for creating an essay:
Step 1: Plan
Step 2: Write
Step 3: Revise
You will learn how to apply this model to each of the IELTS writing tasks. Study the sec-
tions of this chapter that focus on the version of the test that you plan to take-Academic or
Each section leads you step by step through the process of writing an essay in response to
that particular task. Therefore, you should work your way through each section from begin-
ning to end. As you study a section, you will become familiar with the types of questions you
will have to respond to on the IELTS. You will also learn to complete your responses within the
time limits of the test.
he Academic or the General Training version. This book will help IELTS test takers learn several essential skills, including:
Task Achievement: follow a three-step model to plan, write, and revise your essays.
Coherence and Cohesion: practice organizing your writing and connecting ideas.
Lexical Resource: build your vocabulary and use it correctly.
Grammatical Range and Accuracy: review rules and practice applying them to your writing.
Each section leads you step-by- step through the process of writing an essay in response to a particular task. Learn how to apply what you’ve learned , familiarize yourself with the types of questions you’ll have to respond to on the test, complete your responses within the time limits, and more. An Appendix also includes a More Writing Practice section with a selection of essays written in response to IELTS writing tasks.
When you respond to the IELTS writing tasks, you must write clearly, coherently, and cor-
rectly. The next three chapters of this book will help you do that. They will help you develop
skills you will need for both the Academic and General Training versions of the test.
In the Coherence and Cohesion chapter, you will practice organizing your writing and
connecting your ideas. In the Lexical Resource chapter, you will learn how to develop your
vocabulary and use it.correctly. In the Grammatical Range and Accuracy chapter, you will
review grammar rules and practice applying them to your writing.
You can work through these chapters in order. Or, you can focus first on the parts that
address your weakest areas. Then, you can use the rest for review and practice.
In the Appendix you will find a More Writing Practice section with a selection of essays
written in response to IELTS writing tasks. You can study the essays as models of good writing.
You can also use this section for further practice by writing your own responses to the tasks
included in the section.
IEL TS WRITING SCORES
Scores for the IELTS writing tasks are reported in a scale of bands, ranging from Band O to
Band 9. Each band represents a level of ability. Scores are based on the following criteria.
TASK ACHIEVEMENT (TASK 1): To achieve a high score, you must write a well-developed
report that completely addresses all parts of the task.
TASK RESPONSE (TASK 2): To achieve a high score, you must address all parts of the task in
a well-developed essay that presents a clear position supported with relevant ideas.
COHERENCE AND COHESION: To achieve a high score, your ideas and information must
follow a logical organization (coherence), and you must use a range of cohesive devices
LEXICAL RESOURCE: To achieve a high score, you must use a wide range of vocabulary flu-
ently with few errors.
GRAMMATICAL RANGE AND ACCURACY: To achieve a high score, you must use a wide range
of grammatical structures fluently and accurately with few errors.